The Monaco Ocean Week, organized in various key places in the Principality, will provide an opportunity for local actors and major international organizations to share their experiences and deepen their thinking on the conservation of the marine environment and the sustainable development of a blue economy.

The Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation and its partners are pleased to invite you to numerous events open to the public, and among them one where the Ecomers lab is involved:

Saturday, april 1st, 10h00 - 14h00 at Stars’n’Bars, 6 Quai Antoine 1er, 98000 Monaco

"From the Sea to the Plate", the sustainable consumption of seafood (free entry).

Affiche_mer_assiette.jpg

 

The Pescatourism is a relatively new concept of merging tourism with fisheries. Its intention is to supplement incomes of fishermen and their families in the situation of declining living resources of the sea and to provide an attractive activity for tourists visiting the sea coast. Pescatourism should be considered different activity from fisheries tourism, or recreational fishing (including charter fishing), which usually denote angling. It also contributes to the education of the society and public awareness about the state and problems of the marine sector, including ecosystems, and experiencing the traditional fishing culture. This new activity first stared in Italy in 1982 and soon spread to other Mediterranean countries. Pescatourism can be considered a branch of sustainable tourism and an activity parallel to agrotourism.

Some ECOMERS members co-authored an overview of pescatourism (and related activities) in European countries (Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, Germany) with additional examples from elsewhere. Chances for implementing pescatourism in other countries are analysed (Turkey, Algeria, Poland). Despite all these positive features, it can easily be a commercial activity which does not provide any benefits to fishers and sustainability of marine living resources if the licence right is given to charter operators rather than to fishers.

Link to the review published in December 2016

Pescatourisme Var

Read more: Pescatourism

cover_booklet.JPG

 

On November 29th, 2016 at the MedPAN Forum on Marine Protected Areas held in Tangier (Morocco), The Science of Marine Protected Areas-Mediterranean Version report has been officially presented. This global scientific synthesis about marine protected areas (MPAs) demonstrates that MPAs provide ecological, economic, and social benefits to the Mediterranean region. However, because many MPAs in the region are not enforced and fully protected areas account for only 0.04% of the Mediterranean, the report concludes that the region could benefit from enhanced compliance and enforcement of existing MPAs, as well as expansion of the area in fully protected status.

The report is the outcome of a two-year, international project that engaged scientists, policy experts, and MPA managers to investigate the scientific evidence regarding MPAs. The effort was funded by The Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, Total Foundation, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), the French "Agence des Aires Marines Protégées", Regional Activity Center for Specially Protected Areas (RAC-SPA), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Oregon State University, and the Network of Marine Protected Area Managers in the Mediterranean (MedPAN).

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world's largest and oldest conservation union, made up of national governments and NGOs. It is probably best known for the Red List which indicates the conservation status of thousands of species of plants and animals which have been assessed by experts into Specialist Groups (SGs) under the umbrella of the Species Survival Commission (SSC). The Groupers & Wrasses Specialist Group (GWSG), which specializes on the valuable reef-associated groupers of the world and contains many of the world's grouper experts, met in the past six days in Faial island, Azores, Portugal to assess all 164 species in this group globally.

Patrice Francour, member of the GWSG, has had in charge to review the species of the Mediterranean Sea.

Marginatus IUCN

Read more: Experts assess extinction risk to world’s groupers

Fabrizio Gianni has recently defended his PhD thesis "Conservation and ecological restoration of Mediterranean marine forests” in front of an international committee composed of Dr. Enrique Ballesteros (reviewer, Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes), Pr. Ester Serrão (reviewer, University of Algarve), Pr. Alexandre Meinesz (jury president, Université Nice-Sophia Antipolis), Pr. Nick Shears (University of Auckland), Dr. Rodolphe Lemée (Université Paris 6-Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche sur Mer), Pr. Airoldi Laura (co-supervisor, University of Bologna) and Dr. Luisa Mangialajo (supervisor, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis).

This thesis was founded by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) [grant number 290056] within the project MMMPA-Training Network for Monitoring Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas.

 FOTO-CYSTOSEIRA.jpg

Abstract
Several important marine habitats exist worldwide, both in tropical and in temperate waters, and many of them are already suffering the effects of multiple human impacts. A widespread loss of marine forests of large brown seaweeds has been observed in the recent decades. Their loss leads to an ecosystem-shift towards less complex turf beds or sea urchin barren grounds, devoid of any erect vegetation. A wide arrays of human activities are causing this regression: eutrophication, coastal urbanisation, high sedimentation rates, destructive fishing and overfishing of sea urchins predators.
In the framework of the MMMPA project, this PhD work aimed to address some important topics related to the conservation and restoration of algal forests, with a particular attention to the role of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and fish herbivory. Multiple complementary approaches were used: macroalgae surveys, literature reviews, manipulative experiments in the field, tank-based experiments and GIS habitat mapping.
Results from field experiments showed that native herbivorous fish, likely Sarpa salpa (salemas), can be the most effective herbivore of intertidal Cystoseira belts both on natural and artificial substrates. Indeed, salemas strongly affected Cystoseira stricta fitness, being able to decrease the growth, biomass and reproductive output of natural forests and limit restoration success on artificial substrates. Likely, the role of the herbivorous fish in structuring macroalgal communities has been overlooked in the Mediterranean Sea so far.
A review of the existing literature showed that knowledge on marine forests forming species has improved in recent decades. However, most of the research is not in relation to MPAs, likely due to the fact that marine forests are not always included in MPAs planning and management plans. Studies on marine forests are not homogeneously distributed in the world, being concentrated in the developed countries where marine forests sustain industrial activities or where their importance is recognised. Interestingly, an increase of the awareness of marine forests importance and of the scientific interest (published papers) was observed. Nowadays, marine forests are under continuous threats and especially sensitive to multiple impacts. Hence, conservation measures and recovery strategies should be urgently set up. Degraded/lost forests should be restored according to the guidelines and suggestions discussed in this PhD work, keeping in mind that the conservation of the existing forests in MPAs has always to be considered as a priority.


Keywords
Marine forests, marine protected areas, herbivorous fishes, conservation, restoration, seaweeds, macroalgae, Mediterranean Sea, artificial structures, herbivory, monitoring, management, temperate seas

 

Page 1 of 4